Corona Virus Disease 2019

Diah Handayani, Dwi Rendra Hadi, Fathiyah Isbaniah, Erlina Burhan, Heidy Agustin

Abstract


Corona virus disease 2019 (Covid 2019) was a new name of 2019 novel corona virus (2019 nCoV) infection by WHO, reported at the end of 2019 from Wuhan, China. Etiology of Covid 2019 was identified at 10 January 2020, a betacorona virus, similar with SARS and MERS CoV. The clue diagnosis pathway of Covid 2019 were history of travel from Wuhan or others infected countries within 14 days prior, and symptoms of acute respiratory illness (ARI) or lower respiratory infection (Pneumonia) then with the result of real time polymerase chain reaction (rt-PCR) specific for nCOv 2019. WHO classified Covid 2019 into suspect case, probable case; and confirmed case. Indonesia Ministry of Health classified the case into in monitoring (ODP), patient under surveillance (PDP), people without symptom (OTG) and confirmed case. Specimens for detection Covid 2019 could be nasal and nasopharynx swab, sputum and another lower respiratory aspirate including broncoalveolar lavage (BAL). Management of Covid consist with isolation and infection control, supportive treatment as degree of disease that could be mild (acute respiratory infection) until severe pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Transmission via droplet and contact with droplet. Currently, there is no antiviral and vaccine. Prevention is very important for this disease by limitation of transmission, identification and isolate patients. Prognosis was determined by severity of the disease and patient comorbidity. Information about this novel disease remains very few, study still ongoing and need further research to fight with this new virus.

Keywords


corona virus disease, pandemic, SARS-CoV-2

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.36497/jri.v40i2.101

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Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia
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