Respiratory Disorders and Lung Function Impairments of the Scavengers in Bantar Gebang, Bekasi

Dita Kurnia Sanie, Agus Dwi Susanto, Fahrial Harahap


Background: The workers in the landfill have high risk of health problems. The prevalence of respiratory disorders and lung function increases in waste collection workers. There has been no data on respiratory disorders and lung function in scavengers, especially in Bantar Gebang, Bekasi.
Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design to the scavengers who work and live in Ciketing Udik, Bantar Gebang, Bekasi. Conducted in January-March 2015, doing interview with questionnaires, and spirometry examination.
Results: The number of samples that suitable with the inclusion criteria are 108 subjects. Respiratory disorders are 92 subjects (85.2%). The respiratory disorders consist of 73 subjects with chronic cough, 65 subjects due to shortness of breath, 57 with phlegm and 19 wheezing. Lung function impairments consist of 18 (16.7%) subjects in the form of mild obstruction 3 (2.8%) subjects, mild restriction 11 (10.2%) subjects and mixed 4 (2.8%) subjects. Results of the analysis show that there is a significant relationship between duration of working with respiratory disorders and lung function impairments.
Conclusion: There is respiratory disorders and lung function impairments of the scavengers in Bantar Gebang, Bekasi. (J Respir Indo 2019; 39(2): 70-8)


lung function, respiratory disorders, scavengers

Full Text:



Badan Pengelola Lingkungan Hidup. Sampah dan upaya penanggulangannya. [Internet]. 2012 [cited 29 November 2013]. Available from: http:// dan-upaya-penanggulang annya.

Tobing IS. Dampak sampah terhadap kese- hatan lingkungan dan manusia. Dalam Tobing IS, ed. Lokakarya aspek lingkungan dan legalitas pembuangan sampah serta sosialisasi peman- faatan sampah organik sebagai bahan baku pembuatan kompos. Jakarta;2005.

Neghab M, Khodaparast KF, Hassanzadeh J, Ahmadzadeh F. Assessment of respiratory symptoms and lung functional impairments among a group of garbage collectors. Int J Occup Hyg. 2013;5:76-81.

Issever H, Ozyildirim BA, Ince N, Ince H, Bayraktarli R, Isik E, et al. Respiratory functions of the people working in solid waste storage centers in Istanbul. Nobel Med.2011;7(1):29-36.

Hansen J, Ivens UI, Breum NO, Nielsen M, Würtz H, Poulsen OM, et al. Respiratory symptoms among Danish waste collectors. Ann Agric Environ Med. 1997;4:69–74.

Roopa S, Padmavathi R, Akolkar A, Sankar S, Ravishankar P, Vijayalakshmi T, et al. Respiratory functions of conservancy workers working in solid waste management sector of Chennai, India. F1000 Res. 2013;67:1-6.

Badan Pengelola Lingkungan Hidup. Laporan pemantauan pengelolaan TPA Sumur Batu dan TPA Bantar gebang. [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2013 November 29]. Available from http://bekasikota. tpa-sumur-batu-dan-tpa-Bantar Gebang.

American Thoracic Society. Recommended respiratory disease questionnaires for use with adults and children in epidemiological research. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1978;118:1-53.

Gwisai RD, Areola O, segosebe E. Respiratory and occupational health problems of scavengers and landfill employees in a municipal landfill site in Lobatse, Botswana. J of Sustain Developin Africa.2014;16:37-51.

Abdou MHM. Health Impacts on Workers in Landfill in Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia.J Egypt Public Health Assoc. 2007;82:319-29.

Fewtrell L. Municipal Solid Waste and Health. Research report for Regional Visions of Integrated Sustainable Infrastructure Optimised for Neighbourhoods (ReVISIONS), CREH, Aberystwyth University,2012

Rouse JR. Seeking common ground for people: livelihoods, governance and waste. Habitat Int. 2006;30(4):741-53.

Athanasiou M, Makrynos G, Dounia G. Respiratory health of municipal solid wasteworkers. Occup Med. 2010;60:618-23.

Zuskin E, Mustajbegovic J, Schachter EN, Kern J, Pavicic D, Budak A. Airway function and respiratory symptomps in sanitation workers. J Occup EnvironMed.1996;38(5):522-7.

Heldal KK, Halstensen AS, Thorn J, Eduard W, Halstensen TS. Airway inflammation in waste handlers exposed to bioaerosols assessed by induced sputum. Eur Respir J. 2003;21:641–5.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia


SINTA Garuda Indonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD) Indonesia One Search (IOS) Crossref

ROAD-ISSN Dimensions Google Scholar 


Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia
pISSN: 0853-7704 - eISSN: 2620-3162
Address: Jalan Cipinang Bunder No. 19, Cipinang, Pulogadung, Jakarta Timur, DKI Jakarta 13240, Indonesia
Phone: +62-21-2247-4845

An official publication by
the Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License