Pulmonary Health of Traffic Policemen in Low Air-Polluted Bogor Area

Harris Abdullah, Jamal Zaini, Budhi Antariksa, Agus Dwi Susanto, Faisal Yunus


Background: Traffic policemen are very susceptible to respiratory problems due to the potential for exposure to air pollution. Therefore, this study aimed to assess respiratory health aspects of traffic policemen in Bogor, West Java. Method: Registered traffic policemen in Bogor were evaluated for respiratory symptoms, smoking habits, Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) Questionnaire, chest x-ray, and spirometry. Air quality measurements were also carried out as a reference. Result: During the study period, the air quality in Bogor was classified as “Good” and below the ambient air pollutant standard. A total of 95 traffic policemen participated with a mean age of 37.3±8.7 years (range 23–57 years), mean Body Mass Index (BMI) of 28.1±4.2 kg/m2, and a length of service of 3-38 years (mean of 12.3 years). Mild pulmonary function impairment was found in 7.4% of subjects. About 61% of subjects had a smoking habit but with a low addiction index (FTND) and exCO. Decreased lung function was correlated to BMI and age (P<0.05). Conclusion: Pulmonary function impairment in traffic policemen in Bogor City was correlated to age and BMI.


lung function; traffic policemen; low air-polluted area

Full Text:



United Nations Environment Programme. Global Environment Outlook 2000. 1999.

Pencemaran udara dan sektor transportasi [Internet]. [cited 2016 Jul 14]. Available from: http://www.bplhdjabar.go.id/bid angpengendalian/subidpemantau anpencemaran/94

Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Bogor. Profil Daerah Kabupaten Bogor. Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Bogor.

Sastroasmoro S, Ismael S. Dasar-dasar metodologi penelitian. 3rd ed. Jakarta: Sagung Seto; 2007.

Balmes JR. Occupational respiratory diseases. Prim Care. 2000 Dec;27(4):1009–38.

Pal P, John RA, Dutta TK, Pal GK. Pulmonary function test in traffic police personnel in Pondicherry. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2010;54(4):329–36.

World Health Organization. GATS| Indonesia Global Adult Tobacco Survey: Indonesia Report 2011. 2012.

Kleinman EJ, Cucco RA, Martinez C, Romanelli J, Berkowitz I, Lanes N, et al. Pulmonary function in a cohort of New York City Police Department emergency responders since the 2001 World Trade Center disaster. J Occup Environ Med. 2011 Jun;53(6):618–26.


Wongsurakiat P, Maranetra KN, Nana A, Naruman C, Aksornint M, Chalermsanyakorn T. Respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function of traffic policemen in Thonburi. J Med Assoc Thai. 1999 May;82(5):435–43.

World Health Organization. Review of evidence on health aspects of air pollution-REVIHAAP Project: Technical Report. 2013.

Central Pollution Control Board Ministry of Environment & Forests. Epidemiological Study on Effect of Air Pollution on Human Health (Adults) in Delhi. Delhi; 2012.

West JB. Structure and function - How the Architecture of the Lung Subserves its Fuction. In: Respiratory Physiology: the essentials. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Company; 2015. p. 1–169, 143.

Kohansal R, Martinez-Camblor P, Agustí A, Buist AS, Mannino DM, Soriano JB. The natural history of chronic airflow obstruction revisited: an analysis of the Framingham offspring cohort. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2009 Jul;180(1):3–10.

Fletcher C, Peto R. The natural history of chronic airflow obstruction. Br Med J. 1977 Jun;1(6077):1645–8.

Hakala K, Mustajoki P, Aittomäki J, Sovijärvi AR. Effect of weight loss and body position on pulmonary function and gas exchange abnormalities in morbid obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1995 May;19(5):343–6.

Heatherton TF, Kozlowski LT, Frecker RC, Fagerström KO. The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence: a revision of the Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire. Br J Addict. 1991 Sep;86(9):1119–27.

Chatkin J, Fritscher L, de Abreu C, Cavalet-Blanco D, Chatkin G, Wagner M, et al. Exhaled carbon monoxide as a marker for evaluating smoking abstinence in a Brazilian population sample. Prim Care Respir J. 2007 Feb;16(1):36–40.

Sabzwari SR, Fatmi Z. Comparison of exhaled carbon monoxide levels among commuters and roadside vendors in an urban and a suburban population in Pakistan. Environ Monit Assess. 2011 Sep;180(1–4):399–408.

Hampson NB, Piantadosi CA, Thom SR, Weaver LK. Practice recommendations in the diagnosis, management, and prevention of carbon monoxide poisoning. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2012 Dec;186(11):1095–101.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36497/jri.v41i3.183


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Harris Abdullah, Jamal Zaini, Budhi Antariksa, Agus Dwi Susanto, Faisal Yunus


SINTA Garuda Indonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD) Indonesia One Search (IOS) Crossref

ROAD-ISSN Dimensions Google Scholar 


Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia
pISSN: 0853-7704 - eISSN: 2620-3162
Address: Jalan Cipinang Bunder No. 19, Cipinang, Pulogadung, Jakarta Timur, DKI Jakarta 13240, Indonesia
Phone: +62-21-2247-4845
Email: editor@jurnalrespirologi.org

An official publication by
the Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License